Foto: Danny Cornelissen

Rotterdam presents ambitious shore power strategy for seagoing vessels

Joint strategy of the municipality and the Port of Rotterdam Authority

The City of Rotterdam and the Port of Rotterdam Authority will jointly roll out shore power for seagoing vessels. The aim is that in 2030 a large proportion of the seagoing vessels will be 'plugged in' when they are moored at the quay. Diesel generators can then be switched off, which is good for air quality and CO2 emissions. Over the next five years, a series of projects will focus on accelerating and scaling up quayside electricity. Depending on experience with this, the targets can be adjusted in 2025.

Seagoing vessels

Ships need electricity for lighting and all kinds of equipment on board, but also for cooling containers with food. That electricity is usually generated by diesel generators. Such a generator causes air pollution, CO2 emissions and noise. If ships are moored at the quay, they can also be connected to the electricity grid. Both ships, terminals (quays) and the electricity grid must be suitable for this.

Sea-going vessels use as much electricity as 250,000 to 300,000 households each year while they are moored at the quay. As a result, 600,000 tons of CO2 and 8,000 tons of nitrogen are released into the air. As a result of the quayside electricity strategy, 200,000 tons of CO2 can be saved by 2030.

With quayside electricity we connect ships to a clean energy source. In this way we prevent air pollution and noise nuisance.

Sustainability alderman Arno Bonte

In recent years, a shore-based power connection has been realized at almost all public berths for inland shipping in Rotterdam. Inland vessels consume much less power than seagoing vessels. Stena Line's ferry in Hoek van Holland has been using shore-based power for a long time in order to limit inconvenience to the surrounding area. Eneco and the Port Authority are currently building a quayside electricity supply for Heerema's offshore vessels that are regularly moored at Rozenburg.

Three pillars

Because there are big differences between ships and locations where they moor, the shore power strategy has three pillars.

  • The first focuses on the quality of the living environment by providing shore power to public quays in urban areas. The goal is that 90% of this electricity will be used by visiting ships in 2030. In addition, we are investigating the possibilities of shore-side electricity on private quays near urban areas.
  • The second pillar is characterized by 'big steps where that is possible'. The aim is to install shore power facilities for ferries, roll-on roll-off, offshore and cruise ships, which will also be used 90% by 2030. For the container sector, the ambition is to have 50% use of shore-side electricity by 2030 for large ships (10,000+ TEU).
  • In the third pillar, this involves developing innovations for, for example, wet bulk carriers for which there are currently insufficient possibilities for shore-side electricity.

The goal is to realize eight to ten concrete shore-side electricity projects in the coming years, divided over the three pillars of the program. It is expected that a total of approximately € 125 million will be needed for this. Most of this can be provided by the companies involved, the municipality and the Port Authority. However, another € 50 million subsidy will also be needed.

Our vision is ambitious, but also pragmatic. We are now going to set up eight to ten shore-based power projects for various types of seagoing vessels.

Allard Castelein, CEO of the Port of Rotterdam Authority

Joint strategy shore energy (in Dutch) (PDF 2.0M)

Strategy shore energy by Rotterdam and Port of Rotterdam